Tuesday, September 13, 2016

What is brain mapping?

Brain mapping is a field that encompasses a wide range of scientific areas from MR physics, molecular dynamics and the mathematical modeling of data to the anatomical and physiological measurement of brain systems and the study of complex cognitive functions.

These all have been applied to understand the human condition in health and disease. Each type of brain mapping has its strengths and weakness, some can distinguish the smallest structure; others can track function but cannot resolve structure less than half an inch apart.

In brain mapping, computers are used to analyze, visualize, archive and disseminate the information that constitutes the map.

In fact, many of the modern approaches used to study the brain are possible only with computers and several even acknowledge that dependence in their name or acronym.

The most evidence application of computers in mapping is in the field of visualization. Computerized visualization of data that have been converted into a cartographic image of a spatial domain best communicates the meaning of quantitative information.

The complexity and variability of human brain across subjects is so great that reliance on maps and atlases is essential to manipulate, analyze and interpret brain data effectively.

Central of these tasks is the construction of averages, templates and models to describe how the brain and its components are organized.
What is brain mapping?

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